Chapter 7 exists to help you get out of debt quickly and easily. Tally up your bills, make sure you pass the means test, account for any non-exempt assets, and away you go.
There are, however, limits on how often you can get a discharge. Under the U.S. Bankruptcy Code, you must wait 8 years from the time you first filed Chapter 7 until you can get a second Chapter 7 discharge.
If it is too soon to get another Chapter 7 discharge, an option is to file Chapter 13. You are eligible for a discharge in Chapter 13 as soon as four years after filing Chapter 7.
Filing Chapter 13 can help you reorganize your finances and repay debts over a 3-5 year period depending on your financial situation. Though you’ll be required to repay a portion of your debts through the Chapter 13, it’s better than being enslaved to overdue bills.
There are, however, some times when filing a Chapter 7 is a good idea even if you don’t qualify to receive a discharge. For example, if you’ve got a large non-exempt asset and don’t want to be bothered with selling it off to pay your debts individually then Chapter 7 may work for you. Other times you’ve got a lawsuit pending and simply need the benefit of the automatic stay while the recovery is worked out.
There are a lot of details, to be sure. But the bottom line is that not only can you file Chapter 7 bankruptcy more than once – you may want to do so even in the absence of the availability of a discharge.
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seek bankruptcy protection under federal law